My Workbench

Thursday, December 26, 2013

1:1200 Langton Spanish 74 Gun San Francisco de Asisi

This ship was first posted as the Neptuno. However I have since discovered it doesn't resemble the Montanes class ships (see Design Accuracy Delimma post). I have renamed it the San Francisco de Asisi 74 gun 3rd rate. She was one of the San Augustin class SOLs. The following history is from the excellent Spanish naval website specific page Warning: This is a direct translation to English so the syntax may be difficult to understand. Also note that the spanish refer to the SOLs as masculine.
He was an excellent ship in the words of Francisco Saavedra, commissioner for America aboard told him:
·         "The good qualities of the ship Assisi, as yet go wrong charged and not having discovered the funds in six years, ruled well, enduring sailing soon gave himself the sticks, barloventeaba as few tacked by avante promptly and fell gently and was sailing. This vessel, also the St. Augustine and Nepomuceno was the first construction Gotier (sic) and as confession thereof were of the best sailors of the squadron, disabused me that almost everything had clamored against this construction had been influenced by the interest and party spirit. "
Due to its good sailing was used extensively throughout its operational life as a ship hunting or observation.
In June 1779 commanded by Captain Joseph Domas and Valle, Cadiz goes to join the second division of Lt. Gen. Luis de Córdoba, which joins the French Count d'Orvilliers to cover the invasion poyectada England.On July 22, after being dismasted highlighted the Assisi of the masts and mast foretopsail domain mayor.Con English Channel combined squad tries to find and attack the Admiral Hardy unsuccessfully. Not finding the fleet and be affected by scurvy target Brest, where they come September 14.
The May 11, 1781 is in the squad Jose Solano in the conquest of space Pensacola. Return to this fleet to Spain after the war, arriving in Cádiz on July 20.
In 1787 is used for testing other vessels constructed with different building systems to see which was which would be taken into account in future constructions. 
In 1790 part of the squadron of the Marquis of armed Relief consequence of 
Nootka incident .
In 1793 he was in Cartagena commanded by Andrés Heel. corner of Francisco de Borja. Expedition to Sardinia and making the San Antioco and San Pedro islands.
In 1794 commanded by Estanislao and company Sarmiento frigate Santa Catalina I dammed the French privateers English frigate Fame, Bristol and the English brig Indian Prince, who are taken to Cadiz.
Finding the ship San Francisco de Asis, of 74 guns, commanded by Alonso de Torres-Guerra, on January 25, 1797 10 leagues from Cadiz, the fight began at one in the afternoon, lasting until sunset. At eight in the evening were already out of sight enemy ships, consisting of two frigates of 40 guns, one of 34 and a 28 corvette, which were rejected at a loss. The episode was as follows:
·         Source: Gaceta de Madrid of February 7, 1797. Found and transcribed by Everything Babor .
·         "The Acting Captain General of the Department of Navy has realized a Cádiz SM DATE 26 January last, Exc through D. Juan de Langara, Secretary of State and the Office of Marina universal, that on the same day had anchored at the port the ship King named San Francisco de Asis , commanded by Captain of the same class and Don Alonso de Torres War, which having left to cross those nearby to protect its landfall on the coast to our vessels trading, sighted at dawn on the 25th of that month, at a distance of 11 miles in the parallel of that port, following the return of N winds E four ships, which were not enemies and hesitated for early news I had, as its lack of response to signals that made ​​them recognition.
·         These began to chase the Assisi , confident in their sailing advantage and superiority of forces, it very soon became known that consisted of two frigates of 40 guns, one of 34 and a 28 corvette, which at one day were cannon shot, and then said his Spanish flag ship Assisi, already prepared for such an unequal combat.
·         Corresponded enemies casting a their English flags, and they opened fire on Assisi ship, which retreated without intermission until 4, suffering two frigates alternatively the beating shrapnel, he directed his shots with only four rangers rudders both batteries with vividness and accuracy, and from time to time giving one or arribada luff to introduce the side, whose discharges could not resist, forcing them to arrive in such cases for the harm and damages suffered.
·         Separáronse combat frigates at 4, and having consulted together English majors fight again at 4 and a half, and continued until 5 who withdrew.
·         The approach of night, and the situation of being committed to the coast between Huelva and Ayamonte, determined the Commander of Assisi to turn back the E turned to pass through enemy by beating them both bands, but these arrived seeing such a resolution, and were put to flight, they lográndola for the darkness of the night. "
In 1798, close to Neptune, and Sovereign Prince of Asturias, leading troops to America.
In 1799 he was in the squad commanded by José Lorenzo Mazarredo Goicoechea until his death in Brest.Lock Brest.
In 1800 died his commander Brigadier Don Jose Lorenzo de Goicoechea staying temporarily in charge of the command of the second ship, Don Gabriel de Mella.
In 1801 part of the Franco-Spanish fleet of Villaret intended to operate in Santo Domingo. After taking Cabo French and put troops ashore Villaret the Spanish squad going to Havana and thence to Cadiz on 22 April, I anchored on May 25.
In 1802 joins the division Gravina bound for Santo Domingo returning to Cadiz in 1803.
In Trafalgar is commanded by Don Luis Flores. In the battle did not have much action due to its unfavorable position, but suffered 5 killed and 12 wounded. Remediated in the sea part of the breakdowns back out with several Spanish and French ships trying to dam captured by the British, making dam at Santa Ana and Neptune ships. But sinking off the coast of Puerto de Santa María, very strong because of the storm.Although able to save almost all of the crew. Days later collect their remains would achieve several pieces of artillery and ammunition that were deposited in the Arsenal Ratchet.
- clean Keel: 173 
- Width: 51, 4'' 
- Length: 196, 4'' 
- Depth: 25, 1'' 
- Plan: 25, 8'' 
- Tons: 1,600 
- Cala aft: 24 
- Bow 23 
- Difference: 1 
- Battery Media: 5, 6'' 
- quintals of iron ballast: 4,500 
- In gravel: 1700 
- Destruction: - 

At the Battle of Trafalgar
28 to 24 lb cannons
cannons 30 to 18 pounds
of 8 guns to 8 pounds
10 to 30 pounds shells
6 shells at 24 pounds
4 to 4 pounds of masons 
At the Battle of Trafalgar
- Official War: Army 12 + 5: 17
- Midshipmen 3
- Senior Official 10
- Foremen, guardians and patterns pot 9
- Carpenters 6
- Calafates 8
- Armero diver lamplighter and cook 7
- Infantry Troop 234
- Troop Artillery: 53
- Artillery Preference 12
- Ordinary Gunners: 76
- Mariners: 114
- Grumetes: 112
- Pajes: 23 Total: 684 (CDT)
The May 15, 1800, in Brest
- Marine Officers 9
- Army Officers 4
- Guardiasmarinas 3
- Senior Official 10
- Infantry Troop 216
- Troop Artillery: 45
- Officers Mar 27
- Mar Artillery: 98
- Mariners: 81
- Grumetes: 112
- Pajes 6
- TOTAL: 611

No comments: